Lifestyle

Delhi Mumbai Expressway: All you need to know

[ecis2016.org] Here’s all you need to know about India’s largest greenfield expressway, the Delhi Mumbai Expressway

With an intention of linking two economic hubs of the country, the government of India planned the Delhi Mumbai Expressway, a 1,380-km controlled access highway, which would cut down the travel time between the two major cities from 24 hours to 12 hours. The foundation stone for the project was laid in March 2019 and the expressway is scheduled for inauguration on January 26, 2023.

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The eight-lane Delhi Mumbai expressway will cover the Delhi Mumbai distance by passing through five states and several greenfield sites, which will be developed into warehousing hubs.

To address vehicular pollution concerns, the government also plans to build a separate e-highway on the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway that will allow commercial vehicles like trucks and buses to move at a speed of 120 kmph. The e-highway is also expected to reduce the logistics costs in the country by 70%.

Union road transport and highways minister, Nitin Gadkari, will review the progress of Delhi Mumbai Expressway project on September 16-17, 2021.

During the budget session of Parliament which began with the president’s address, President Ram Nath Kovind mentioned that the Delhi Mumbai expressway is near to completion and will be the longest stretch. He also said that said the country now has a network of over 1.40 lakh kilometres of national highways as against 90,000 kilometre in March 2014.

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Delhi Mumbai Expressway route

The Delhi Mumbai expressway, which is being developed at an expense of Rs 98,000 crores, will pass through five states, namely Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra. The expressway will begin from Gurgaon and pass through Jaipur and Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan, Ratlam in Madhya Pradesh and Vadodara in Gujarat.

The greenfield expressway will help reduce the Delhi Mumbai distance from 727 to 572 kilometres.

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Delhi-Mumbai Expressway

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Delhi Mumbai Expressway route in Haryana

The expressway will start at NH919 from Bhirawati village in Sohna. It will run parallel to the Delhi-Alwar route in Haryana and will exit the state at Kolgaon village, Ferozpur Jhirka.

  • NH919 (Sohna – Palwal), flyover interchange at Bhirawati village in Sohna.
  • Western Peripheral Expressway (KMP Expressway) cloverleaf interchange near Khalilpur village.
  • MDR132, flyover interchange east of Ujina on Nuh-Hodal link.
  • MDR135, interchange between Bhadas-Hathin in Bhadas.
  • MDR131, flyover interchange towards the west of Pinangwan on Moolthan-Hodal section.
  • NH22, flyover interchange east of Ferozepur Jhirka.
  • Kolgaon village, south of Ferozpur Jhirka on the Haryana-Rajasthan border.

Delhi Mumbai Expressway route in Rajasthan

  • Alwar, interchanges at NH45, NH14 and NH44.
  • Rajgarh interchange at NH25A.
  • NH148, interchange on Manoharpur-Dausa highway.
  • Jaipur, intersections at NH21 and NH23.
  • NH552, interchange south-west of Sawai Madhopur.
  • NH29, Indragarh interchange.
  • Kota, interchanges at NH34, NH52 and NH27.
  • NH9A, Rawatbhata interchange.
  • NH31A, Neemuch interchange.

Delhi Mumbai Expressway route in Madhya Pradesh

  • Interchange east of Bhanpura-Neemuch.
  • East of Garoth.
  • Mandsaur, interchanges at NH31 and NH14.
  • Jaora.
  • Ratlam and Banswara.
  • Thandla.

Construction work on a stretch of 106 kms in Madhya Pradesh has already been completed and the remaining work will be completed by November 2022.

Delhi Mumbai Expressway route in Gujarat

  • Dahod at Chhayan village
  • Godhra
  • Vadodara
  • Surat
  • Navsari

Delhi Mumbai Expressway route in Maharashtra

  • Valsad
  • Vapi-Silvassa
  • Virar (Palghar district)
  • Amane and Badlapur (Thane district)
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT), Navi Mumbai

The Delhi Mumbai expressway will link urban centers of the national capital through the Delhi-Faridabad-Sohna section of the corridor, along with a branch leading to the Jewar Airport and another to Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai.

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Wildlife crossings

The upcoming expressway, which will also be the longest greenfield expressway, will have India’s first animal bridges or animal overpasses. These will be designed to keep the wildlife section unaffected from the new infrastructure. There will be around five such animal overpasses, with a combined length of around 2.5 kms, passing through Ranthambore wildlife corridor and Mukundra wildlife sanctuaries in Rajasthan.

Environment-friendly features

The greenfield Delhi Mumbai expressway is also expected to cut around 850 million kg of carbon dioxide emissions. Besides, about 32 crore liters of fuel will be saved every year, owing to reduced traffic congestion. The lights on the expressway will operate on solar power. The expressway will have a tree cover of two million trees, watered with drip irrigation on the entire stretch with rainwater harvesting system at every 500 metres.

E-highway

There are plans to develop an e-highway, which is expected to cut down the logistics costs. Four lanes on this eight-lane expressway will be for e-vehicles only. A 1.5-metre-high wall will be constructed on both sides of the road for security. Toll plazas will be set up in slip lanes instead of highways.

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Delhi Mumbai Expressway: Timeline

January 2019: Land acquisition for Haryana stretch completed. Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh yet to acquire land.

March 2019: Foundation stone laid by union minister Nitin Gadkari. 148 kms of work awarded and rest of the contract to be awarded over six months.

September 2019: Civil work begins. Deadline for the project set to 2020.

February 2020: Deadline postponed to January 26, 2023.

June 2020: Detailed project report (DPR) yet to be prepared for the last 33-km stretch. Around 497 kms are under-construction while the contract is yet to be awarded for 162 kms.

February 2021: During the Union Budget 2021 presentation, finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that the contract works for the remaining 260 kms would be awarded before March 2021.

September 11, 2021: Sohna-Jaipur section of Delhi Mumbai expressway to become operational.

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Delhi Mumbai Expressway: Cost

The Delhi Mumbai Expressway, connecting two major metro cities, is a flagship greenfield project implemented under the Bharatmala Pariyojna Phase-1 program. The expressway project is being executed in 52 construction packages. According to an official release by the government, out of the 1,380 kilometres, contracts for more than 1,200 kilometres have already been awarded and are under progress.

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The Delhi Mumbai expressway project is being developed at a cost of Rs 98,000 crores, including the land acquisition cost. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has set up a special purpose vehicle (SPV), DME Developers (DMEL), to finance the expressway project and it will be fully owned by the Authority. The NHAI recently said that the SPV had received AAA rating from CRISIL, CARE and India Ratings.

According to a recent statement by the NHAI, the SPV has raised Rs 9,731 crores to part-fund the project. The major share of the funding came from State Bank of India that contributed Rs 5,000 crores. Other investors in the SPV are Punjab National Bank, Bank of Maharashtra and Axis Bank.

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Delhi Mumbai Expressway: Latest updates

November 11, 2021: According to officials, the process of land acquisition for the stretches along the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway in the Gautam Budh Nagar region have been initiated. The Delhi-Mumbai expressway, that links the two major cities, will be connected with the upcoming Noida international airport at Jewar. According to additional district magistrate, Gautam Budh Nagar, Balram Singh, the Haryana government plans to acquire land at the earliest so that the work can be put on fast track. He also said that the government has issued a notification to begin the land acquisition process in Jewar tehsil. Farmers have been provided a period of 21 days to file their objections, if any, after which, the administration will start surveying and measuring the land.

October 18, 2021: The Noida administration has notified the land acquisition for a branch road connecting the Delhi Mumbai Expressway with the upcoming Jewar Airport. The link road will also lead to the DND and the Faridabad-Ballabgarh bypass. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) had asked the district administration to initiate the work on acquiring private land parcels on its behalf. Around 69 hectares of land will have to be acquired for the branch road.

August 31, 2021: While previously, there was a disagreement between the states of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana, both the state governments will now equally share the cost of constructing the road link from the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway to the proposed Jewar International Airport. Of the 31-km road link, 23.5 kms fall under Haryana and 7.5 kms fall under Uttar Pradesh. The presence of the link road will boost the development of the Ghaziabad-Noida-Dadri Industrial Corridor investment region. RITES proposed the building of this link road to the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway, to service a larger number of people and businesses in Haryana.

July 21, 2021: In a written reply to Rajya Sabha, Nitin Gadkari told the upper house that construction work on the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway was in full swing and almost 350 kms had already been constructed, whereas works for construction of 825 kms was in progress. The target date for completion has been set to January 2023. He also shared a few pictures of the ongoing construction.

May 26, 2021: Recently, the Road and Transport Ministry approved an expressway between Tamil Nadu’s Chennai and Surat in Gujarat. This expressway will be further linked to the upcoming Delhi-Mumbai Expressway at Surat, which will boost the connectivity between north and south India. The upcoming expressway between Chennai and Surat will be constructed at an expense of Rs 50,000 crores.

April 22, 2021: Very soon, Delhi-Jaipur will have a new connectivity link via the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway as the construction on this section is expected to be completed by the end of 2021. The route will also relieve congestion from the existing road, National Highway-8. Around five flyovers and one cloverleaf is under construction currently on this route, which will allow the travellers to enter and exit the greenfield expressway at ease. Several wayside amenities are being planned on this stretch, which will pass through Nuh, Nagina, Ferozepur Jhirka.

March 5, 2021: As per media reports, to boost connectivity to the Jewar International Airport in Noida, a 31-km-long link road will be built that would connect the airport with the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway, via Ballabhgarh in Haryana. Both state governments have reached an agreement to construct this link road, which would reduce the travel time between Noida Airport and Delhi Airport by one hour. The National Highways Authority of India is already constructing a 92-km link road, to connect the Expressway with Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi.

Earlier, union minister of road transport and highways Nitin Gadkari, on January 27, 2020, said that the upcoming Delhi-Mumbai Expressway will act as a growth engine for the areas through which it passes. Addressing an event at Manesar in Haryana’s Gurgaon district, he also said the expressway would cut the travel time between Delhi and Mumbai by almost half.

The highway will act as a growth engine for the areas through which it passes, as logistics parks and smart cities will also be developed. The project will be completed during the tenure of the present government, he was quoted as saying in a Haryana government release. Gadkari, along with his deputy in the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Gen VK Singh (retd), reviewed all national highway development projects at a two-day meeting held in Manesar on January 23 and 24, 2020.

Flyover repair work on Hero Honda roundabout in Gurgaon would be completed by February 15, Gadkari said and exuded confidence that it would not require any more repairs for the next five years. He also informed the gathering that the work going on at some stretches of the Delhi-Chandigarh highway will be completed in about one-and-a-half years. Gadkari said 730 projects across the country have been reviewed in a meeting.

(With inputs from PTI) 

FAQs

How long does it take to drive from Delhi to Mumbai?

At present, it takes 22-24 hours to drive between Delhi and Mumbai.

How far away is Mumbai from Delhi?

The total distance between Mumbai and Delhi is 1,400 kms.

When will the Delhi-Mumbai Expressway be completed?

The Delhi-Mumbai Expressway is expected to be inaugurated in January 2023.

(With additional inputs from Surbhi Gupta)

Source: https://ecis2016.org/.
Copyright belongs to: ecis2016.org

Source: https://ecis2016.org
Category: Lifestyle

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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