Cadastral maps: All about bhu naksha in Indian states

[] You can find the bhu naksha or land map of any particular land, on the official bhu naksha website of the respective states. Read on, to know how you can check the bhu naksha in different states like Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Bihar

Many states have digitised their land records and it has become easier for people to check the bhu naksha or area map, online. By merging two vectors of the National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP), the Indian government decided to evolve a new and computerised way, to manage land records in Indian states. As a result, the bhu naksha (or cadastral maps) came into existence. Digitisation of records would also help bring down instances of land disputes across the country, thereby, ensuring conclusive land titles. Also, a computerised system would aid editing and updating of the cadastral records, whenever necessary. As of date, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Lakshadweep, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, have up-to-date bhu naksha maps or cadastral maps. Wherever lagging, the authorities are trying to update the bhu naksha for all districts in a state.

You are reading: Cadastral maps: All about bhu naksha in Indian states

Bhu naksha is platform-independent. So, you can use it on the desktop or your smartphone. It has also been developed using free and open source software. Bhu naksha has been developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC), Government of India.

[] How to check land records online on Bhulekh Odisha website?

What is a cadastral map?

A large-scale map that shows the boundaries and sub-divisions of land and includes the direction, length and area of tracts, is a cadastral map. It is useful for making a record of property ownership and even for research. Administration, land survey and transfer of ownership, also become easy with a cadastral map. Bhu-Naksha is a cadastral mapping software developed by NIC.

Why should you check bhu naksha?

Land records have been digitised in many states and it is important that you check these for the following reasons:

Legality: You will know about the legality of a given plot and whether you can build upon it or if it is a government land demarcated for public reasons.

Owner verification: Use the bhu naksha website to verify the real owner or list of owners of a particular plot. You will also be able to identify if someone is trying to unlawfully sell you a land parcel.

Size of land: It is very important to know the size, the boundaries and the demarcation of the land you are interested in buying. You can ascertain it with the bhu naksha facility.

Save time: Given that the bhu naksha facility is now online in various states, it saves you a lot of time. There is no need to queue up in the local government offices, to verify these details.

Integrated records: Note that the bhu naksha is the integration of cadastral maps with the Record of Rights (ROR).

Truly digital: Bhu naksha has been implemented in 19 states, while data has been captured for 22 states. Online mutation and digital signatures make bhu naksha truly digital.

Process flow of bhu naksha

All about bhu naksha in Indian states

Source: NICSI

Features of bhu naksha

All about bhu naksha in Indian states

Source: NICSI

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MP bhu naksha

To view bhu naksha for a plot or land parcel in Madhya Pradesh, you will need to login to the official MP Bhulekh portal. You can read our article on bhunaksha MP, for a comprehensive understanding of how to view bhu naksha for Madhya Pradesh. Land scams worth crores have rocked the state and it is imperative for both, sellers and buyers, to do due the due diligence.

How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

UP bhu naksha

You will need to log on to the UP bhu naksha website, for information related to your land parcel anywhere in the state. You can also get details about khasra, khatauni, owner details of another plot that you may be planning to buy, or the land usage type on the official website of Uttar Pradesh. Read our article on UP bhu naksha for more information.

How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

Bhu naksha Maharashtra

Mahabhunaksha hosts all the relevant information pertaining to land maps in Maharashtra. It is platform-independent and can be accessed through the browser by desktop, as well as mobile client.

Read our article to know all about Bhu naksha Maharashtra online.

How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

Bhu naksha in Rajasthan

You will need to visit the Bhu naksha Rajasthan website, to obtain the naksha for your property in Rajasthan. If you have an agricultural plot or any land parcel in Rajasthan and you are looking for any kind of official information about it, you can do so from this site.

How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

[] All you need to know about Rajasthan bhu naksha

CG bhu naksha (Chhattisgarh)

You must log on to the CG bhu naksha website to view the map. Recently, the collector directed all sub-divisional magistrates and tehsildars, to complete the map updation work within the next six months. This was done, in order to track all land-related changes on ground and to digitise it for public use. For further information on Chhattisgarh bhu naksha, read: All about CG bhu naksha.

[] All about CG Bhuiyan

How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

Bhu naksha Bihar

The Bihar bhu naksha website hosts all information pertaining to land maps. Only Nalanda, Madhepura, Supaul and Lakhisarai have the bhu naksha updated online. For the remaining areas, data is still in the process of being digitised and updated.

Read All about Bihar bhu naksha, for a step-by-step guide.

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How to check Bhu naksha in different states?

Bhu naksha Jharkhand

For any plot map-related information in Jharkhand, you can refer to the bhu naksha Jharkhand website. A clear understanding of who the owners of a particular piece of land are, the size and dimensions of the said property and the land map, will help you decide whether you should buy that particular plot. In case you are a seller, you can download the bhu naksha and give it to the buyer/s, to help them with a clear picture of the plot.

Read how to check the bhu naksha Jharkhand for a plot.

bhu naksha in Jharkhand

Bhu naksha Haryana

The Haryana government has digitised its land maps, to help the property owners to access land records. Also known as Bhunaksha, these digitised maps are integrated with ROR (Record of Rights) and mutation records. Here is how to view and download the Bhunaksha from the Jamabandi website.

  • Visit the Jamabandi Haryana portal and select cadastral maps and select ‘View cadastral maps’.
  • Search the cadastral maps by clicking on ‘Search Owners by Khasra’ and ‘Search Owners by Khewat’.
  • Enter the district, tehsil, village and enter the khasra number, if you are searching by khasra or enter the khewat number if you are searching by khewat.
  • The document displayed can be downloaded and printed.

Cadastral maps Telangana

The Telangana government provides an online portal known as Dharani, Integrated Land Records Management System, that enables property owners to view digital cadastral maps. One can visit the portal or click on the link and provide details like district, village, etc. to view the cadastral map in a region.

Cadastral maps: All about bhu naksha in Indian states

[] Dharani portal: Everything you need to know about Telangana land record system

Associated terms: Plot report

A plot report is a printable map of the area in which the plot is located. A plot report can be scaled to any size so that one can obtain a comprehensive and comfortable view of the map. Note that the quality of these maps have improved after Bhu Naksha 3.0. Once you give the print command for a plot report, it will be printed on an A4-sized sheet of paper, in the best fit scale. You can, however, add overlay layers on top of the plot and also generate reports for all plots in a particular owner’s name. In this case, though, the plot map report will be generated on different pages.

The need to digitise and update cadastral maps in India

In India, various schemes have been introduced, at the centre and state level, to digitise textual and spatial land records, including cadastral maps.

The National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP), a centrally sponsored scheme, was introduced by merging two schemes namely the Computerization of Land Records (CLR) and Strengthening of Revenue Administration and Updating of Land Records (SRA&ULR), which was approved in 2008. The NLRMP has been revamped as the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP).

Though a significant number of cadastral maps have been digitised, they do not reflect the latest ownership details of land parcels. Besides, the linking of textual records and spatial records is not complete. As per the DILRMP dashboard, about 52% of textual and spatial data integration has been completed and 68% of digitisation of cadastral maps have been completed.

There is a need for digitisation and updating of cadastral maps since the maps, once linked with textual land records, provide exact ownership details of land parcels in a region. The digitization enables planned developments over an area while also eliminating property disputes. Further, the digital version of cadastral maps is secure and accessible from anywhere, compared to the conventional land maps maintained on paper or cloth. 


What is bhu naksha? Is it valid?

Bhu naksha is the digitised map for land. The scope is to provide an end-to-end solution for cadastral mapping like digital verification of cadastral maps, integration with Records of Rights (RoR) and others, such as mutation, partition, updation, distribution of RoR, etc. Yes, it is thoroughly valid and you can refer to it.

Are bhu naksha apps reliable?

Bhu naksha apps are reliable to an extent and you may download them from Play Store or App store. However, it is important to cross check details on the official website of bhu naksha of respective states, for the right information.

Can I check owner name from bhu naksha?

Yes, as the bhu naksha website will list the owner/s of a particular plot.

What do cadastral maps show?

Cadastral maps are spatial land records that show the ownership of land parcels in a region. They depict boundaries of subdivisions of land, with the specified directions and lengths and areas of individual plots.

(With inputs from Sneha Sharon Mammen)

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Category: Lifestyle

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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