Must Knows

# All about Year to Date (YTD)

[ecis2016.org] Know all about Year to Date (YTD), its uses and how it can be calculated

YTD full form means Year to Date. It is the period from the first day of the current calendar year or financial year to the present day. YTD data can be used to analyse business trends over time or to compare performance statistics to rivals or peers in the same industry. The abbreviation is frequently used to modify terms such as investment gains, profits, and net pay. It aids in the analysis and review of work, achievement, opportunities, etc in the context of time and circumstance.

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## What is Year to Date (YTD)?

When someone uses YTD to refer to a calendar year, they are referring to the time between January 1 of the current year and the present date. When they use YTD to refer to a fiscal year, they imply the time between the first day of the fiscal year in question and the current date.

A fiscal year is a one-year term that does not always begin on January 1. Governments, corporations, and other organisations use it for accounting and external auditing.

YTD financial statements are commonly compared to historical YTD financial statements for the same time period. For example, if a company’s fiscal year began on July 1, a three-month YTD financial statement would cover the period from July 1 to September 30.

To find seasonal trends or irregularities, compare the September YTD financial statement for the current year to the September YTD financial statement from the previous year or years.

## What are the uses of YTD?

• Year to date helps in the comparison and evaluation of the current year’s performance with preceding years.
• Year to date helps draw realistic conclusions regarding business improvement or deterioration.
• Year to date analysis is useful for accounting professionals to generate and review financial statements.

## How can YTD be calculated?

YTD can be calculated by using this formula:

Year to Date: {(Beginning Value – Current Value)/Beginning Value} *100

## YTD: Highlights

In stock market analysis, YTD provides a clearer view of the performance of various equities and products over time. All of the analyses can be categorised and filtered by indices, sectors, industries, top performers, and so on. This is often known as Sector Scan.

In accounting, or in any time-based and time-sensitive context, businesses use YTD to analyse performance on different time scales without having to wait until the end of the year to draw conclusions.

MTD, YTD, QTD (Quarter to Date), Half Yearly to Date, and other time scale analyses are all compared. This means that a QTD assessment of a stock will be compared to another QTD from previous years, rather than YTD.

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Source: https://ecis2016.org
Category: Must Knows

### Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT