Must Knows

Difference between EPF and EPS

[] Find out the similarities and differences between EPF and EPS

Designed to help salaried individuals build a pension fund, the Employee Provident Fund (EPF) and the Employee Pension Scheme (EPS) have some similarities, as well as some differences. This guide will help you understand both.

You are reading: Difference between EPF and EPS

What is EPF?

EPF is a pension fund scheme under which a salaried employee and his employer equally contribute 12% of the employee’s basic salary to this fund, making it an aggregate of 24%. On this account, the central government offers a specific rate of interest.

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Provided certain conditions are met, an employee can withdraw part of this pension before retirement. However, the entire amount can only be withdrawn post-retirement.

All EPF members have a UAN, which acts as their umbrella identity to track all their EPF-related information.

[] All about UAN login

What is EPS?

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Of the 12% of the employer’s contribution in the EPF account, 8.33% goes towards EPS. The employee does not contribute to EPS. The upper limit of contribution in EPS is capped at Rs 1,250. Pension from the EPS fund is received after a member attains the age of 58.

EPF and EPS: Similarities

  • Both are framed under the Employee’s Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.
  • Both are administered by the central board of trustees.

[] All about EPF scheme


Basic workings EPF EPS
Applicability All companies with more than 20 employees All EPFO members, whose basic salary is up to Rs 15,000
Employee contribution 12% None
Employer contribution 3.67% 8.33%
Interest rate 8.1%* None
Deposit limit 12% of the salary 8.33% of salary or Rs 1,250, whichever is lower
Age limit for withdrawal 58 years or two months of being unemployed 58 years
Withdrawal After 58 years of age within 60 days of unemployment After 58 years of age
Premature withdrawal Allowed in specific circumstances Allowed after 50 years of age
Tax Interest is fully exempted if the contribution is not more than Rs 2.5 lakh in a year Pension and lump sum both are taxable
Tax deduction Deduction of up to Rs 1.50 lakh in a year is allowed under Section 80C No deduction allowed

*As of June 30, 2022


Are EPS and EPF the same?

No, they are different.

Which is better, EPS or EPF?

Both schemes are effective as instruments of retirement planning.

Can I have both EPF and EPS?

Yes, you can have both EPF and EPS.

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Category: Must Knows

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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