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Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE): Meaning and Objectives

[ecis2016.org] Read on to know all about the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, the benefits, objectives, functions and different schemes launched under the Ministry.

India is a country on its way to becoming a developed country. The majorly young population of India is necessary for the country’s growth and development. The working-age youth, therefore, need to be trained so that they may develop some skills and work for the progress of the country. 

The Indian government seeks to utilise this potential of the working-age youth. Since the youth account for 65% of the country’s population, they can significantly contribute to the development of the nation in the industrial sector. The Skill India initiative was introduced by the Government of India, by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 

The Skill India initiative is the first step in the right direction for fulfilling the demand and supply of skilled workforce in industries. It operates on a set of common norms which can ensure the standardisation of all skill development programs. Additionally, the Government of India has set up the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) to provide the youth of the country with skill enhancement and development programmes.

Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship: Objectives

The Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is one of its kind in India. This section of the government has the sole responsibility of providing training programmes to the youth of the country. It acts as a channel that facilitates the coordination of all the skill development efforts across the country.

The MSDE sector wants to train the youth to make them eligible for the skilled workforce. This will in turn help to fulfil the workforce demands of the growing industrial sector. Their skills would be highly beneficial for the growth of industries and contribute to the national income. The ministry will provide a good vocational and technical structure for the youth to learn new skills and upgrade their existing skills.

Schemes and and initiatives under MSDE

All the 13 wings of MSDE work towards the development of skill training for the youth. They have also introduced various schemes and initiatives which will help the youth showcase their skills and learn more from exposure. All schemes of the MSDE are divided into the following categories:-

  • Short Term Training – Schemes through NSDC
  • Long Term Training – Schemes through DGT
  • Apprenticeships
  • Entrepreneurship schemes
  • Other initiatives/schemes

Short Term Training – Schemes & Initiatives via NSDC

All short-term training schemes and initiatives seek to encourage and promote the need for Skill Development training for the youth. It advocates following common norms and guidelines and enables the youth to avail of quality skill training. It also enlists the help of the private sector to design the curriculums and help develop institutions for teaching the youth the necessary skills for the industrial sector.

  1. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
  2. Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS)
  3. Rozgar Mela
  4. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Kendras (PMKK)
  5. Capacity Building Scheme
  6. School Initiatives and Higher Education
  7. Udaan
  8. India International Skill Centres (IISCs)
  9. Pre Departure Orientation Training (PDOT)

Long Term Training – Schemes & Initiatives via DGT

Long-term training schemes and initiatives work under the DGT and provide guidance to all existing training institutions and trainers. These schemes seek to establish standardised norms of skill enhancement among the youth. They work to provide guidelines to trainers and prepare them with a quality curriculum. 

Some of the schemes under this section are:

  • Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)
  • Crafts Instructor Training Scheme (CITS)
  • Advanced Vocational Training Scheme (AVTS)
  • Vocational Training Programme For Women
  • Schemes for Upgradation of ITIs
  • Flexi MoUs
  • STRIVE
  • Initiatives in the North East and LWE Regions
  • Trade Testing
  • Current Initiatives in the DGT Landscape
  • Dual System of Training (DST)
  • Polytechnics

Apprenticeship training

The apprenticeship training is helpful, particularly for youth who want to establish their businesses. These schemes aim to help entrepreneurs succeed in their businesses by providing quality education. Some of these schemes provide insight into the trade systems and help budding entrepreneurs learn more. 

Here are some popular schema under apprenticeship training:-

  • National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS)
  • Entrepreneurship Schemes
  • Pradhan Mantri ‘YUVA’ Yojana
  • National Entrepreneurship Awards (NEA)
  • Pilot project on Entrepreneurship

Other schemes/initiatives

The government has provided various schemes to provide vocational training to the youth. Additionally, the government of India has launched some special schemes to help these trained youths showcase their knowledge and work for a living. 

Here are some unique schemes under this category:

  • Skill Loan Scheme
  • Indian Institute of Skills (IISs)
  • SANKALP
  • Academic Equivalence to Vocational Qualifications
  • Aspirational Districts
  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan
  • Technology initiatives

13 functional wings of MSDE

Directorate General of Training (DGT)

The DGT is the core wing of MSDE and acts as the apex organisation. It ensures the development and coordination of long-term vocational training programmes under the Skill India initiative. It operates through various institutes like:

  • Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)
  • National Skills Training Institutes (NSTIs)
  • National Skills Training Institutes for Women (NSTI-W)
  • Central institutes.

Directorate of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (DJSS)

The Directorate of Jan Shikshan Sansthan (DJSS) acts as the subordinate office of MSDE. This organisation has been entrusted with the responsibility of monitoring and supervising the Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) Scheme. The Directorate fulfils its responsibilities with the aid of a network of JSS NGOs, which are maintained by this department.

National Skill Development Agency (NSDA)

The NSDA is an autonomous agency under the MSDE. This section has been registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860 as a society. The responsibility of the NSDA is to monitor and inspect all skill initiatives in India. Additionally, the organisation holds the National Skills Qualifications Framework (NSQF) involved with the quality assurance mechanisms of training programmes held under Skill India.

National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET)

The NCVET acts as a skills regulator for all the other past and existing skill regulatory bodies of the National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) and the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT). The aim of NCVET is to oversee all training institutions providing fictional education. It also regulates the standards and operational structure of these entities.

National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

The NSDC is a collaboration of the government with the private sectors. Their work is to build and develop vocational training institutions in India. It also maintains and oversees all grants and equity provided for skill development institutions and brainstorms the distribution of training institutes throughout the country. 

National Skill Development Fund (NSDF)

The NSDF deals with the financial aspect of developing training institutions and programmes. It has been tasked with the collection and management of funds from the government and from all non-government sources who want to make contributions to the Skill India initiative. The Fund is handled by a public trust set up by the government. The trust manages this money so that the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) can continue its work on the development of institutions.

Regional Directorate of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship (RDSDE)

Formed in December 2018, RDSDE operates in each state and union territory of India. The RDSDE mainly oversees the premises, operation, and activities of the Regional Directorates of Apprenticeship Trainings (RDATs) located all over India. 

National Skill Training Institute (NSTI)

NSTI is the initial institute that is run by the Directorate General of Training (DGT) and was first set up by the Directorate General of Employment and Training (DGE&T), Ministry of Employment and Labour in 1963 to impart training to the instructors of ITI’s over the country.

National Institute of Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development (NIESBUD)

The NIESBUD has been developed as a premier organisation seeking to impart education and help youth. It is extensively engaged in research, training, and consultancy, which will help the skill development and entrepreneurship cause. It also arranges training programmes for both the youth and the teachers who will train them. 

Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship (IIE)

The Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship was established solely to help our northeast states to grow in the industrial sector. The institute has its headquarters in Guwahati and undertakes research, training, and consultancy activities in small and micro-enterprises. It aims to work towards entrepreneurship development in the North Eastern States.

National Instructional Media Institute (NIMI)

NIMI is another autonomous institute established under the MSDE. NIMI has the sole objective of providing well-prepared instructional material for trainers and trainees. This organisation ensures the use of standardised material in ITIs, and short-term skill development courses. 

The Central Staff Training and Research Institute (CSTARI)

The CSTARI has two dedicated wings – Research Wing and Training Wing. The Institute aims to provide training for the staff of other institutes which are developed under Skill India. Moreover, it conducts research and analysis of trade practices to better training programmes and prepares the youth for the market competition.

Sector Skills Council (SSC)

SSC is a unique industry-led autonomous organisation under the NSDC. The council is involved with creating and maintaining occupational standards and qualification bodies. They also supervise training programmes for trainers and the standards for imparting knowledge in the skill development programmes.

Source: https://ecis2016.org/.
Copyright belongs to: ecis2016.org

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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