Staircase Vastu Shastra : Direction, location and number of steps for stairs explained

[] According to Vastu Shastra, square and rectangular staircases with bend at right angles, are the best for internal or external staircases

Since Vastu prescribes the rules to build every little area in your house, norms of staircase Vastu must also be complied when building a staircase in your home. This guide would help you know all the dos and don’t you need to follow when building the stairs in your abode.

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What is staircase Vastu?

The ancient Hindu architectural doctrine Vastu recommends a number of rules in construction of staircases. Applying staircase Vastu in the construction leads to easy movement in general and easy flow of positivity in the house in particular. It also decreases any chances of major or minor mishaps.

[] Vastu for rented house

Number of steps in a staircase as per Vastu

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

Always opt for odd numbers: The number of steps in a staircase should always be odd (15, 17, 19, or 21). The number must never end with a ‘0’. Why so? An average person tends to put his right foot first, while taking a flight of stairs. The flight must end with the user putting his right foot down. This is only possible, if the staircase has an odd number of steps.

Also read about buying the best water tank in India

Staircase direction as per Vastu

What is the best location of staircase in the house? According to Vastu, south-west is the best direction for the staircase.

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

Vastu for staircase inside the house

Vastu experts are of the belief that for internal staircases, the south-west portion in the property is an ideal choice. The south and the west portions happen to be the second-best choices. In this case, the staircase must start from the north and go towards the south. Alternatively, it can start from the east and go towards the west. An internal staircase should not be located at the center of the property.

Vastu for staircase outside the house

In case of external staircase, the ideal directions for external staircase under Vastu are:

  • The south-east, facing the east.
  • The south-west, facing the west.
  • The south-west, facing the south.
  • The north-west, facing the north.

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

The staircase should not be built in the north-east corner, whether externally or internally. Also, staircases positioned right before the entrance cause imbalance.

Also read all about east facing house Vastu

Other factor that impact stairs Vastu

When implementing staircase vastu norms, also factor in these other considerations:

Location of a Vastu-compliant staircase: Landlords who live on the ground floor and have rented out the upper floor to a tenant, must ensure that they do not have a staircase right at the main entrance. This, say Vastu experts, could lead to financial losses.

Starting point of the staircase: The stairs within the home should never start from or end at the kitchen, the store room, or the puja room. The steps going to the upper floor should not be a continuation of the stairs that lead to the basement or the cellar.

Visibility of a Vastu-compliant staircase: An internal staircase must be built in such a way that is not directly in the line of vision of your visitors. Having doors at the start and the end of the staircase, is also advisable.

Read also : A complete guide to staircase Vastu for east-facing houses

[] Main gate colour combinations as per Vastu

Staircase Vastu

Orientation of steps as per staircase Vastu 

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

The way the stairs in your staircase move can have a lasting impact on physical health. This is why staircase Vastu rules must be complied with when it comes to the orientation of the steps.

According to staircase Vastu rules, staircases should always turn clockwise, as we walk up. In other words, the person using the stairs to go up should move from the north to the south or the east to the west. Vastu experts are of the opinion that an anti-clockwise staircase can impact career growth.

Staircase shape Vastu  

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

Square and rectangular staircases with bends at right angles, are the best for internal or external staircases according to Vastu. Staircases that are too steep or too high would result in the user feeling drained out, each time he has to use it. For the same reason, experts ask property owners to avoid spiral staircases.

Vastu for staircase colours 

You want your staircase to be well-lit so that climbing up and down during any time of the day is not a problem. When you choose dark shades to colour or decorate your staircase, it would naturally assume a dark tinge, something you don’t want at all. That is why always go for light shades to paint the stairs or the banister. Avoid dark shades in stairs, especially red and black, as these colours will give negative energy. The walls adjoining the staircase can be decorated with a wallpaper of your choice, preferably not too dark.

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

[] Marble staircase design ideas for your home

Use of space under staircase

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

In small homes, the space under the staircase if often used to build a small kitchen, bathroom or puja room. Sometimes, a small workstation is also created under the staircase, to utilise the area optimally. This should be strictly avoided. The space under the staircase should be used for nothing but storage of common household items, say Vastu experts. Cabinets containing valuable items, such as cash or jewellery, should not be kept in this space. Do not use this space for keeping discarded items or worn out footwear.

[] Bathroom direction as per Vastu

Vastu rules for staircase decoration

According to Vastu rules, staircase walls should not be decorated with family photos, as it can cause differences in the family members and can be detrimental to their health. Decorate the stairs wall with sceneries of blooming flowers, lush greenery, mountains or abstract art. Keep ceramic pots for plants underneath the staircase area. According to Vastu, it is inauspicious to hang a mirror in front of, or under the stairs, as the reflection will attract negative energy inside the house. Never keep a fountain or an aquarium under a staircase. The staircase area should be well lit up.

Vastu rules for staircase handrail

Stair rails, or handrails ensure the safety of people using the steps. It can be stylish but most importantly, it should provide comfort when climbing up or down. According to Vastu, it is advisable to opt for marble or stone rails for the staircase in the south-west direction. For stairs in the west, opt for metal rails and use wooden rails for the east and south staircase.

Even though somehow pleasing to the eye, a staircase without a handrail, like the one shown in this picture, could be highly risky.

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

Vastu rules for usage of space along the staircase

Vastu experts also advise against displaying photo frames carrying pictures of deities or family members on the wall space along the staircase. Vastu rules on staircase, however, do not advise against using the wall space to flaunt great artwork. In case you want to dress this space up with wallpapers, it would be ideal to use light shades of any colour. You want your staircase to be illuminated and well-lit. Light-coloured wall papers would enable that at all times.

Read also : Vastu number for house: All about good house numbers for luck as per numerology

The picture below could act as an inspiration.

Vastu Shastra tips for staircase design

Serious staircase defects

Staircase in the north-east side

Spiral staircases

Staircase encircling the building

Circular and round steps

Broken steps

Dark-coloured staircase

Rickety or creaky staircase

Staircase Vastu dosha

If the staircase has any Vastu dosha, the members living in the property may face a variety of physical, mental and financial losses, etc. A staircase in the north-east corner or the ‘Ishan Kona’, for example, is considered a major Vastu defect. Having a staircase in this corner might lead to serious ailments related to brain, kidney or heart among the residents.

Key facts about staircase design

What is rise in a staircase?

In a staircase, the rise signifies the vertical distance from the top of one tread to the top of the next tread.

What is run in a staircase?

The run is the horizontal distance from the face of one riser to the face of the next riser. Even though it is confused with the size of the tread itself, it is not so.

What is the Vastu recommended rise and run height for a staircase?

Ideally, the rise and the run should equal 18 inches, for utmost comfort of the user.

Staircase Vastu: Key things to remember

  • The rise of a stair should be between 4 inches and 7.75 inches, while the length of the tread should be between 10 and 11.25 inches.
  • Within the house, you could build a staircase without the railing, as long as the width of the stairs is on the highest side.  It is mandatory to have railings on stairs built outside the house, in case they consist of more than five steps.
  • While some would like to completely disagree, it may not be a good idea to go for a makeshift staircase. Those could prove to be distracting and extremely risky.

Bad staircase design according to Vastu

Since the inception of the concept, when staircases were treated simply as a tool to help us walk up and down, it has undergone several changes. Today, staircases are also supposed to be a style statement that speaks volumes about the fine designing of the house. Unfortunately, amid the grand plans to impress the viewer through detailed designs, sometimes, the owners end up messing with the basic purpose of the staircases, impacting its practicality—that is, walking up and walking down them becomes painful or tricky or both. The staircase below is a case in point.

Vastu rules for the staircase in your house

Do be mindful of the fact that a poorly conceived staircase design could lead to the elimination of all the positive results brought by applying Vastu principles in other parts of the house. According to Vastu experts, a staircase at the centre of a property can lead to various complications in pregnancy.

Impact of Vastu defects in staircases

It would not be advisable to ignore Vastu principles while constructing the staircase in your home, a part that is often not so carefully designed, in spite of the crucial role it plays in the overall scheme of things.

Anything that has to do with the movement of the people living within a house, can significantly impact the heath, well-being and daily operations within the house. Hence, staircases play a major role in the efficiency of a house. Any structural or other defect pertaining to the staircase, may result in major or minor accidents. Design faults could also hamper the movement of the residents within the house, making it highly inconvenient.

“Even if you are not a firm believer of Vastu, you have to concede the fact that there could be negative implications, if the staircase is not planned carefully. Badly planned staircases can not only hinder your movement but can lead to accidents,” points out Rajat Khatri, a Delhi-based architect.

Along with other seemingly more important parts of a home, the owner must also pay due attention to staircase Vastu, as the flow of positive energy in your home depends on the synergy between various portions of the house, including the staircase.


Are spiral staircases good?

Spiral staircases are considered inauspicious, as per Vastu Shastra rules.

Can I build a pooja room under the staircase?

Vastu experts caution that pooja rooms should not be built under the staircase.

Is a staircase facing the main door good?

According to Vastu Shastra, a main door in front of the staircase is not good and it can negatively impact the success and prosperity of the home’s occupants.

What is the significance of the staircase in Vastu?

The staircase is important, as it serves as a link between the energies of various floors according to Vastu. The staircase is the crucial point in the house that forms strong energy and if placed correctly, it can contribute towards good health and prosperity of the family.

(With additional inputs from Purnima Goswami Sharma)

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Category: Vastu

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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