All about Bhopal master plan

[] In this article, examined are some key provisions of the Bhopal Development Plan (DP) also referred to as the Bhopal Master Plan

The last master plan of Bhopal in 1995, was intended for a population of 15 lakhs. A lot has changed since then. With the city undergoing extraordinary growth, the authorities have come up with the Bhopal Development Plan 2031, based on which the Madhya Pradesh capital would be developed in the times to come. The draft DP was published on March 6, 2020. In this article, we look at some of the key provisions of the Bhopal DP, also referred to as the Bhopal Master Plan.

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Bhopal master plan

[] HMDA master plan 2031

Planning area under the Bhopal Development Plan

The planning area of the Bhopal Development Plan 2005 was 601 sq kms and the proposed planning area for the Bhopal Development Plan 2031 is 1,016.9 sq kms.

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Housing under the Bhopal Master Plan

While pointing out that the housing shortage is more acute for people belonging to the low and middle-income groups, the Bhopal DP pegs the demand at 4,62,000 dwelling units for the year 2031. It prescribes high-density and low-rise development, to supply to that demand. The city’s residential zones’ cover is estimated at 27,920 hectares. This area is categorised as the old city zone, the RG-1 zone with limited mix-use developments, the RG-2 residential with limited mix-use and the RG-3 with unlimited mixed land use. A separate residential zone has been delineated, to retain the identity and character of the city and its old areas.

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Residential areas and proposed densities

Areas Maximum residential density (gross) No of dwelling units based on FAR for evolving net residential density
Shamla Hills, Char Imli, Arera up to Colony E1 to E5, Vijay Nagar and areas abutting Narsinghgarh Road Gandhi Nagar, Kolar Road from junction of Main Road No. 3 to canal. Up to 125 persons per hectare 52 dwelling units per hectare
Areas west of Kolar road near Up to Kerwa, areas abutting Bilkisganj road. Up to 25 persons per hectare 10 dwelling units per hectare
Remaining areas of city Up to 250 persons per hectare 104 dwelling units per hectare

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To maintain the heritage of the old city area the base floor area ratio (FAR) proposed is 2.00, taking into consideration the traffic and transportation in old Bhopal.

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Rental housing in Bhopal

According to the DP, Bhopal has a thriving rental housing market, which would get a further boost in future, amid rising numbers of student and migrant population.

Ownership pattern

Rented households 68.16%
Owned household 26.82%

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Bhopal Metro

With an aim to improve connectivity in Bhopal, the DP also talks about a metro rail network. The Bhopal Metro Project is designed for an operational speed of 90 kmph, consisting of six lines. To be developed in three phases, each phase will be completed in four years.

In the Budget for 2021-22, the state government also allocated Rs 262 crores for for the development of metro projects in Bhopal and Indore. In the previous two budgets of the Madhya Pradesh state, a total of Rs 300 crores had been allocated for the ambitious projects.

Proposed routes of Bhopal Metro

Line 1: Bairagarh-Awadhpuri (21.33 kms)

Line 2: Karond Circle-AIIMS (14.99 kms)

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Line 3A: Airport-VasantKunj (1.12 kms)

Line 3B: Bhauri Bypass-Junction Line (3 12.80 kms)

Line 4: Ashoka Garden-Mother Teresa School (16.91 kms)

Line 5: Bhadbhada Square-Ratnagiri Tiraha (12.88 kms)

Line 6: Mandidepp-Habibganj Station (14.98 kms)

Total network: 95.03 kms

Bhopal: Key facts

  • There are 1,02,803 slum dwelling units, which accommodate 4,79,699 people.
  • According to the Bhopal Municipal Corporation (BMC), 550T per day of solid waste is generated in the urban areas of the city.
  • So far, nearly 40% of the area in Bhopal is covered by sewerage networks.
  • 60% of the city area is cleaned and swept daily, 30% twice per week and 10% fortnightly.
  • At present the coverage of piped water supply is 82%.
  • Existing land area for recreational purposes is 9.96%.
  • The total area under water bodies is 3,825 hectares.

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Latest updates

CM seeks feedback from officials on master plan

With an aim to speed up the process of development in capital city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh CM Shivraj Singh Chouhan has asked his staff to provide their feedback on the master plan 2031 and also pay attention to any issues with the plan. In a meeting with the officials concerned, held in late November 2020, Chouhan asked them to present a city-specific development plan in 15 days. He has also directed them to get rid of any issues in the master plan.


What is the latest development plan for Bhopal?

The authorities have published the draft Bhopal Development Plan 2031, on March 6, 2020.

How many zones are there under the Bhopal Master Plan?

The zones that have been proposed under the Bhopal Master Plan 2031, include the old city zone, RG-1 zone, RG-2 zone and RG-3 zone.

How many lines will the Bhopal Metro have?

There are six lines proposed for the Bhopal metro rail project.

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Category: Lifestyle

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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