Bigha: All about land area measurement unit

[] A commonly used land area measurement unit, bigha is popularly used across northern India. Here we explain how Indian states understand bigha, area conversion into other units and commonly asked questions about bigha

Bigha is among those locally-used units of measurement that continue to be popular in India, along with other globally-accepted measurement units.

You are reading: Bigha: All about land area measurement unit

What is bigha?

Bigha is a traditional unit of measurement of land in India used to measure large land tracts. Bigha has no standard size, and denotes different land sizes in different areas.

[] Bigha to acre calculator

States where bigha is used as land area measurement unit

Bigha is commonly used across northern parts of India.  The usage of bigha as an area measurement benchmark is common across Assam, Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Punjab, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal. However, in each state, bigha denotes a different land sizes since there is no standard size attached to this unit. This is why bigha is used with regional variations.

It is used in neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Nepal, and Fiji, as well. Across geographies, bigha is used to measure large tracts of land .

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How big is a bigha?

The area covered by a bigha differs from one place to another. Since square foot is the most commonly used unit of land measurement in India now, we will use this unit to provide you with a clear idea about the vastness of one bigha in the table below.

1 bigha in square feet

State Understanding of 1 bigha
Assam 14,400 sq ft
Bihar 27,220 sq ft
Gujarat 17,427 sq ft
Haryana 27,225 sq ft
Himachal Pradesh 8,712 sq ft
Jharkhand 27,211 sq ft
Punjab 9,070 sq ft
Rajasthan 1 pucca bigha = 27,225 sq ft

1 kuchha bigha = 17,424 sq ft

Madhya Pradesh 12,000 sq ft
Uttarakhand 6,804 sq ft
Uttar Pradesh 27,000 sq ft
West Bengal 14,348.29 sq ft

1 Bigha in Gaj 

1 Bigha is equal to 1,600 Gaj.

1 acre in bigha

Acre  Bigha
1 1.6
2 3.2
3 4.8
4 6.4
5 8
6 9.6
7 11.2
8 12.8
9 14.4
10 16

1 hectare to bigha

Hectare Bigha
1 3.95
2 7.90
3 11.86
4 15.81
5 19.76
6 23.72
7 27.67
8 31.62
9 35.58 
10 39.53

Zone-wise understanding of bigha

Zone Measurement States
East India 1 Bigha = 1,600 sq yd  Assam and Bengal 
West India 1 Bigha = 1,936 sq yd Gujarat and parts of Rajasthan
Central India  1 Bigha = 1,333.33 sq yd  Madhya Pradesh
North India 1 Bigha = 900 to 3,025 sq yd Across north India

Note: South India does not use bigha as a land measurement unit.

Commonly asked questions on bigha conversion into other units

No FAQs Bigha conversion
1 How many bigha is in one acre? One acre is 1.62 bigha.
2 How many bigha in one hectare? One hectare is 4 bigha and consequently, two hectare is 8 bigha and five hectare is 20 bigha. (Check out Bigha to hectare conversion)
3 How many sq ft in one  bigha? One bigha is 26,910.66 sq ft.

Use our Bigha to square feet calculator

4 How many square yards in one bigha? One bigha is 2,990 sq yd.

Convert Bigha to square yard

5 How many square metres in one bigha? One bigha is 2,500 sq mt.

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[] Bigha to square meter

6 How many marla in one bigha? One bigha is 0.46 marla.
7 How many kanal in one bigha? One bigha is 4.94 kanal.

Convert Bigha to kanal

8 How many biswa in one bigha? One bigha is 0.01 biswa.

Bigha to biswa calculator

9 How many ground in one bigha? One bigha is 1.04 ground.
10 How many aankadam in one bigha? One bigha is 34.73 aankadam.
11 How many rood in one bigha? One bigha is 0.23 rood.
12 How many chatak in one bigha? One bigha is 5.56 chatak.
13 How many kottah in one bigha? One bigha is 37.38 kottah.
14 How many cent in one bigha? One bigha is 61.78 cent.
15 How many perch in one bigha? One bigha is 9.18 perch.
16 How many guntha in one bigha? One bigha is 2.30 guntha.
17 How many are in one bigha? One bigha is 2.32 are.

*Note: Some numbers may vary depending on the local understanding of bigha

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How to convert bigha into other units easily?

Some of us may be very well versed, when it comes to area conversion. However, even then, local area measurements may vary. gives you a conversion tool free of cost.  Simply click here to convert bigha into other units.

Other common area conversion factors

Unit Conversion factor
1 sq ft 144 square inches
1 Square Yard (sq yd) 9 sq ft
1 Acre 4,840 sq yd
1 Hectare 10,000 sq mtr (or 2.47 acres)
1 Bigha 968 sq yd
1 Bigha-Pucca 3,025 sq yd
1 Biswa 48.4 sq yd
1 Killa 4,840 sq yd
1 Aankadam 72 sq ft
1 Cent 435.6 sq ft
1 Ground 2,400 sq ft
1 kanal 5,445 sq ft (8 Kanals = 1 acre)
1 Kuncham 484 sq yd
1 Chatak 180 sq ft
1 Guntha 1,089 sq ft

Bigha FAQs

What is a Bigha?

Bigha is a land measurement unit that is commonly used across northern India.

How many bigha in one acre?

One acre comprises of 1.62 bigha.

How many bigha in one hectare?

One hectare is equal to 4 bigha.

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Category: Lifestyle

Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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