Engineered wood meaning, price, and types: Decoding the growing popularity of this sustainable material

[] If you are looking for an eco-friendly and affordable material for designing your home furniture or flooring, here is why engineered wood is the right choice

Wood is one of the most preferred materials, for building homes and decorating the interiors. From furniture to flooring and from doors to staircases, wood can be used in home designs to meet functional needs and match the décor theme of a house. Although wood is a renewable material, the rampant use of solid wood has raised environmental concerns and made people realise the importance of alternative materials. Engineered wood, which means man-made wood, also known as composite wood or manufactured board, is gaining popularity as a sustainable material for use in commercial and residential buildings.

You are reading: Engineered wood meaning, price, and types: Decoding the growing popularity of this sustainable material

What is engineered wood? Meaning

Engineered wood is a product that is manufactured to appear like wood, using different materials such as shredded wood fibres, sawdust, adhesives and various chemicals. The product can then be cut and sawed like timber. Engineered wood, meaning man-made wood, is designed and tested to be strong, durable and moisture resistant. Certain products are manufactured using waterproof adhesives, especially for outdoor use.

Engineered wood

Engineered wood price

Type of engineered wood Engineered wood price in India (per sq ft)
Plywood Rs 80 to Rs 220
Particle board Rs 20 to Rs 50
Blockboard Rs 80 to Rs 210
Medium-density fibreboard Rs 50 to Rs 190
High-density fibreboard Rs 50 to Rs 170
Wooden laminate sheets Rs 75 to Rs 200

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Types of engineered wood


Plywood, a popular form of wood, is a wooden structural panel that is manufactured through cross-lamination of veneer sheets and joining them with moisture-resistant glue, under pressure and heat.

Advantages: It is a versatile engineered wood material and is used for interiors, exteriors and structural frames.

Particle board

Particle board is produced by pressing and extruding wood wastes such as sawdust, sawmill shavings and wood chips. It is more uniform than plywood but requires a sealant to ensure its durability.

Advantages: It is used in designing furniture and false ceilings.

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Blockboard is manufactured by joining the core of softwood strips that are about 25 mm in width, which are placed side to side between hardwood veneers. The product is then joined under high pressure.

Advantages: Blockboards are light and used for making doors, partitions, shelves and panels.

Medium-density fibreboard

Medium-density fibreboard or MDF is a basic type of wood made by shredding hardwood and softwood particles into wood fibres. They are bonded together under extreme pressure and high temperature, to form panels.

Advantages: Medium density fibreboards have smooth finishing and are denser than plywood. They are available in different qualities and thicknesses.

High-density fiberboard

High-density fiberboards or HDFs are a type of engineered wood produced from pulped wood waste and chips.

Advantages: The material is durable and denser than most types of wood. Thus, it can be used as an option for engineered wood flooring.

Laminated veneer

Laminated veneer lumber is manufactured by assembling several layers of thin wood using adhesives. What is interesting to note is that it is a form of engineered wood that resembles plywood.

Advantages: Laminate veneer is known to be more durable and uniform than most types of wood. Owing to the composite structure, it is less prone to warping or shrinking.

Cross-laminated timber

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Cross-laminated timber or CLT is produced by arranging different layers of solid-sawed lumber perpendicular to each other.

Advantages: Owing to its structural rigidity, this type of wood material is preferred for designing walls, flooring, ceilings, roofs and furniture.

Oriented strand board

It is a class of engineered wood made by combining wood flakes with adhesive and compressing them. They are available in sanded or non-sanded forms.

Advantages: The material has an excellent load-bearing capacity, thus, proving to be a preferred choice for flooring. It is also water-resistant.

What are the benefits of engineered wood?

  • Engineered wood is a sustainable product that is more affordable than traditional solid wood.
  • This type of wood is designed to bear heavy loads.
  • It is flexible, pliable and available in a wide range of grades.
  • The material does not easily warp or crack.
  • This type of wood is durable and easy to install.

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Engineered wood vs solid wood: Which is better?

Solid wood comes directly from a fully-grown tree and has the same composition (wood fibres) all through. Solid wood can be hardwood or softwood. Hardwood, such as oak, teak, maple and rosewood, takes a longer time to grow and has high density. Softwood, such as fir, white cedar, rubber-wood, juniper and pine, grow comparatively faster and have a lower density. Unlike solid wood, engineered wood is made of multiple layers.

Solid wood Engineered wood
Solid wood is natural wood, which is a homogeneous product. Engineered wood is a manufactured form of wood, which is basically a layered product.
The material is expensive. Engineered wood is more affordable.
Solid wood may not be eco-friendly unless obtained through sustainable forests. Obtaining engineered wood does not require fresh timber which means that it is an eco-friendly option.
Solid wood is stronger than most engineered woods. Engineered wood has comparatively lower strength.
Since it is a natural product, it is prone to termite attacks, and may warp, expand or contract due to weather conditions. Engineered wood can withstand the effects of humidity or moisture. It is resistant to warping, cracking and termite attacks.
It is usually heavy and dense, making it difficult to work on. Owing to its structure and light weight, engineered wood allows ease of work and customisation when designing furniture.

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Other types of Engineered wood vs Plywood

Plywood is regarded as the next strongest wood material after solid wood. The material is also durable. Veneered and laminated form of plywood can last for up to 50 years as compared to MDF which lasts up to 10 years or 20 years with lamination. However, plywood may be slightly more expensive than MDF or HDF type of engineered wood.


What are the disadvantages of engineered wood?

Although engineered wood needs lower maintenance than solid wood, it still needs maintenance as it is prone to damage due to moisture and wear. Moreover, the use of toxic chemicals like formaldehyde and VOC for creating and treating this type of wood can impact the environment.

How long do engineered hardwood floors last?

Good quality engineered hardwood floors can last up to 20 to 30 years.

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Debora Berti

Università degli Studi di Firenze, IT

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